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Home>> Wold City Guide >> Akrotiri and Dhekelia

Akrotiri and Dhekelia

Area: 254 sq km. Capital: Episkopi Cantonment
Big Cities: Currency: Cpriot pound
Language: English,Greek. Religions:
Industries: Leaders:
Resources: Exports:
 
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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
History of  Akrotiri and Dhekelia : By terms of the 1960 Treaty of Establishment that created the independent Republic of Cyprus, the UK retained full sovereignty and jurisdiction over two areas of almost 254 square kilometers in total: Akrotiri and Dhekelia. The southernmost and smallest of these is the Akrotiri Sovereign Base Area, which is also referred to as the Western Sovereign Base Area. The Sovereign Base Areas were created in 1960 by the Treaty of Establishment, when Cyprus, a colony within the British Empire, was granted independence. The United Kingdom wished to retain sovereignty over these areas, as this guaranteed the use of UK military bases in Cyprus, including RAF Akrotiri, and a garrison of the British Army. The importance of the bases to the British is based on the strategic location of Cyprus, at the eastern edge of the Mediterranean, close to the Suez Canal and the Middle East; the ability to use the RAF base as staging post for military aircraft; and for general training purposes.